How Digital Tools Impact Convergent and Divergent Thinking in Design Ideation


Digital tools that support creative activities are ubiquitous in the design industry, yet practitioners appear to prefer pen and paper for design ideation. To better understand this exception, we conducted a comparative study between analog and digital tools and their impact on the divergent and convergent thinking patterns of groups of designers. We analysed how 24 participants solved comparable design ideation tasks in two conditions using linkographic protocol analysis -- a notation method that focuses on identifying and linking small steps in the design process called moves. Our findings suggest that digital ideation tools yield more convergent thinking compared to analog tools, with no discernible impact on general productivity or divergent thinking.

Jonas Frich
Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
Midas Nouwens
Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
Kim Halskov
Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
Peter Dalsgaard
Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark




会議: CHI 2021

The ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (

セッション: Design Tools / Machine Learning / Fabrication / Visual Artifacts in Design and Ideation

[A] Paper Room 04, 2021-05-11 17:00:00~2021-05-11 19:00:00 / [B] Paper Room 04, 2021-05-12 01:00:00~2021-05-12 03:00:00 / [C] Paper Room 04, 2021-05-12 09:00:00~2021-05-12 11:00:00
Paper Room 04
12 件の発表
2021-05-11 17:00:00
2021-05-11 19:00:00